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"I never attempt to make money on the stock market. I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years." -Warren Buffett

This is exactly the avenue for parking funds, if an investor seeks wealth creation. Today, when the economy is growing, people are planning to make investments in share market to get some extra monetary benefits. It is true that only few of us follow the knacks for systematic investment in shares. It is advisable to have some basic knowledge of shares, as well as the meaning of investing in share market. Thus it is essential to understand the fundamental concepts and strategies of investing in the share market.

  • Why should you invest in the share market?

There are handful of avenues that beat inflation in terms of returns, namely the two major avenues being real estate and the equity share market. Since one needs a considerable amount of funds to invest in the real estate market along with the other issues such as maintenance, illiquidity and property tax, it is significantly easier to invest in the secondary market of the share market. Investing in the share market over a number of blue chip companies over a diverse set of sectors is essential for reaping optimal returns on your investments.

  • Primary V/S Secondary Markets

When you think about investing in shares, do not ignore the types of markets- primary market and secondary market. In primary market trading of newly issued shares is carried out where as secondary market refers to a market where dealing with shares which are already issued in primary market is carried out. Those who buy shares from primary market sell them in secondary market. Primary markets are also known as New Issue Market or better known as Initial Public Offer (IPO) and plays a major role for economy and capital market as it forms capital. In secondary market values of shares may vary from their face value, the resale price depends upon the market fluctuations. It is advisable to invest in the secondary market over the primary market since the financial statements are monitored closely regulating bodies.

  • Checklist to get a started?

- Trading Account: Get your trading account opened, as it will act as a medium for buying and selling of shares.
- Selling a Call Option:Demat account is required to have an easy control over your shares. With the Demat account you can have the benefit of trading online.
- Demat account:Bank account is required so that when you buy or sell and liquidity is provided by your bank account.

  • Different Strategies of Options Trading

The call options and put options can be used to develop option strategies based on the anticipation of the movement of the underlying Nifty Index. Immense amount of experience and reading on derivative strategies is essential to come up a profitable option strategy and leverage positions to maximize these gains over a long term.

  • Stock Market

By and large, Indian Investor has become aware about Stock market after the year 1992 for various reasons. Every investor carries some or the other notion about equity investments, some consider it as an avenue for wealth creation, some consider it as an opportunity to make quick money and for some it is nothing more than speculation. The perception of Indians towards equity markets can be gauged from the simple fact that less than 2% of house hold invests in equities whereas the same figure in china is 10% and America it is 20%. By choice we are stock pickers and buy mainly small value stock in anticipation that it would turn in to multi bagger stock & when this do not happens the entire blame is thrust upon Equity markets. Whereas simple lump sum investment in Nifty 20 years back would have given CAGR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate) of 12% and SIP of last 20 years would have given return of 14%. The returns for last fifteen years are 15% and for last Ten years it had been 14% without factoring the benefit of dividends & rights. The returns show that equity investment is the best asset class for wealth creation. This shows that not timing the markets but regular investment is the key to wealth creation rather than looking for a fortune maker stock. Simple investment in diversified portfolio or large cap mutual fund for long term would generate decent returns for investors with low risk profile. The equity returns comes in bundle & packets and not evenly distributed. It may happen that the initial years may not deliver the return but some year’s delivers return far above the averages which eventually even out in the long term. Wealth creation and equity investments are to be considered as ongoing process rather than an event to make some quick money or income. The simplest way of investing for individual is by starting a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) where a fixed amount gets invested at regular interval. SIP not only helps to inculcate the discipline of investment but also helps to get the rupee cost average price over the period.